تاریخ : چهارشنبه، 15 آبان ماه، 1392
موضوع : تصاویر زنبورعسل

تصاویر مراحل رشد ملکه زنبورعسل

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR001

Two nurse bees watch over
a queen larva in its cell.

 

 

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR002

Frontal view of a queen
alone on a capped
brood comb.
The cells and the nymphs
they contain have been
sealed by workers
for the final transformation
to occur.

 

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR003

The nurse bees
watch over two queen cells.
These acorn-shaped
alveoli are larger than
the others, have a
pointed tip at their base,
and stand out from
the perfect regularity
of the comb frame.

 

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR004

Queens fight.
At birth, the young queen started looking for her sisters to eliminate them.
If the queen meets one of them, a fight to death ensues. Armed with a smooth stinger a queen can stings her rivals without losing her stinger thus surviving the fight.

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR005

Queens fight.
At birth, the young queen started looking for her sisters to eliminate them.
If the queen meets one of them, a fight to death ensues. Armed with a smooth stinger a queen can stings her rivals without losing her stinger thus surviving the fight.

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR006

Mating occurs in flight over ten meters above ground. The young queen, born five to six days earlier, has only ventured out of the hive for her reconnaissance flight.
When sexually mature, she leaves the hive on a fair windless day and mates with about a dozen males to fill her spermatheca. Mating results in death for the drones.

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR007

Mating occurs in flight over ten meters above ground.
The young queen, born five to six days earlier,
has only ventured out of the hive for her reconnaissance flight.
When sexually mature, she leaves the hive on a fair windless day
and mates with about a dozen males to fill her spermatheca.
Mating results in death for the drones.

 

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR008

Birth of a queen.

 

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR009

Birth of a queen.

 

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR010

Birth of a queen.

 

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR011

Birth of a queen.

 

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR012

Section of
a queen-rearing cell.

 

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR013

Section of
a queen-rearing cell.

 

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR014

Birth of a queen.

 

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR015

Birth of a queen.

 

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR016

Birth of a queen.

 

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR017

Birth of a queen.

 

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR018

Birth of a queen.

 

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR019

Birth of a queen.

 

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR020

Using a spatula,
a beekeeper recovers
bee eggs for breeding
queens.

 

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR021

A queen moves on a frame with her daughters looking for honey. Her head has developed madibles. Her thorax is larger than that of ordinary bees and the abdomen, which contains fully developed genital organs, is very developed. It can double in size
during the laying period.

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR022

A queen moves on a frame.

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR023

A queen marked with a yellow dot.

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR024

A queen moves on a frame.

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR025

A queen moves on a frame.

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR026

A queen-breeding
apiary in springtime.
Modern beekeeping
necessitates replacing
queens every two
to three years.
The production
of royal jelly also requires
the constant breeding
of queens.

 

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR027

A queen-breeding
apiary in springtime.
Modern beekeeping
necessitates replacing
queens every two
to three years.
The production
of royal jelly also requires
the constant breeding
of queens.

 

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR028

The pearly-white egg
measures 1.5mm
in length and 0.5mm
in diameter.
It is stuck to the bottom
of the cell by the queen,
after she determines
the size of the cell
using her front legs.

 

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR029

A perfectly symmetrical
royal cell hangs head
down from a comb.
This cell has not yet been
sealed by the bees
and one can see a
six day old larva
exclusively feeding
on royal jelly.

 

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR030

Birth of a queen.

 

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR031

A queen moves on a frame with her daughters looking for honey. Her head has developed madibles. Her thorax is larger than that of ordinary bees and the abdomen, which contains fully developed genital organs, is very developed. It can double in size
during the laying period.

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR032

A queen moves on a frame with her daughters looking for honey. Her head has developed madibles. Her thorax is larger than that of ordinary bees and the abdomen, which contains fully developed genital organs, is very developed. It can double in size
during the laying period.

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR033

A queen moves on a frame with her daughters looking for honey. Her head has developed madibles. Her thorax is larger than that of ordinary bees and the abdomen, which contains fully developed genital organs, is very developed. It can double in size
during the laying period.

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR034

A queen moves on a frame with her daughters.

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR035

A queen on a wax frame
with a bee in the
background with
its wings spread.

 

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR036

A queen on a wax frame
with a bee in the
background with
its wings spread.

 

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR037

A queen moves on a frame with her daughters looking for honey. Her head has developed madibles. Her thorax is larger than that of ordinary bees and the abdomen, which contains fully developed genital organs, is very developed. It can double in size
during the laying period.

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR038

A queen moves on a frame with her daughters looking for honey. Her head has developed madibles. Her thorax is larger than that of ordinary bees and the abdomen, which contains fully developed genital organs, is very developed. It can double in size
during the laying period.

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR039

A queen moves on a frame with her daughters looking for honey. Her head has developed madibles. Her thorax is larger than that of ordinary bees and the abdomen, which contains fully developed genital organs, is very developed. It can double in size
during the laying period.

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR040

A queen moves on a frame with her daughters looking for honey. Her head has developed madibles. Her thorax is larger than that of ordinary bees and the abdomen, which contains fully developed genital organs, is very developed. It can double in size
during the laying period.

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR041

A queen moves on a frame with her daughters looking for honey. Her head has developed madibles. Her thorax is larger than that of ordinary bees and the abdomen, which contains fully developed genital organs, is very developed. It can double in size
during the laying period.

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR042

A queen moves on a frame with her daughters looking for honey. Her head has developed madibles. Her thorax is larger than that of ordinary bees and the abdomen, which contains fully developed genital organs, is very developed. It can double in size
during the laying period.

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR0043

A queen moves on a frame
with her daughters
looking for honey.
Her head has developed
madibles. Her thorax
is larger than that of
ordinary bees
and the abdomen,
which contains fully
developed genital organs,
is very developed.
It can double in size
during the laying period.

 

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR044

A queen, marked 34 by the beekeeper, is laying eggs surrounded by her retinue.
A few bees lick her body and a large number of bees touch her with their antennaes. Marking queens allows beekeepers to identify queens, to know their age and their laying cycles.

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR045

Frontal view of a queen
alone on a capped
brood comb.
The cells and the nymphs
they contain have been
sealed by workers
for the final transformation
to occur.

 

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR046

Frontal view of a queen alone on a capped brood comb.
The cells and the nymphs they contain have been sealed by workers for the final transformation to occur.

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR047

View of a queen alone on a capped brood comb.

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR048

View of a queen alone on a capped brood comb.

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR049

Recognizable by her size, the queen is longer than the worker bee, measuring 18-20mm in length, compared with 14-15mm for the bee. She travels more slowly over the wax comb frame and her every move takes place under the watchful eye of her surrounding court.

bees © Éric Tourneret

 

LR050

Photo sequence of the birth of a queen.






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